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Jesus own words explaining his identity and purpose
As the Son of God, Jesus is eternally existing outside space and time but has come into the world and time at the direction of the Father, and then will leave the world and time, returning back to where he came from. At his trial Jesus said claimed that he was the Son of God by answering the High Priest "You have said it":
I came out and have come from God. For I haven't come of myself, but he sent me.
Jesus said to them, Most certainly, I tell you, before Abraham came into existence, I AM.
I came from the Father, and have come into the world. Again, I leave the world, and go to the Father.
The high priest answered him, "I adjure you by the living God, that you tell us whether you are the Christ, the Son of God."
Jesus said to him, "You have said it."
Jesus came for a purpose which was to preach the good news of the Kingdom of God. This was the reason he was sent and it was an urgent mission. The good news was that the Kingdom of God (eternal life under the loving rule and dominion of Jesus in his Kingdom) was available to men through repentance and belief in Jesus. Jesus often chose to refer to himself by the title "Son of Man". This he did to show he was human as well as God. It was also a reference to Daniel Chapter 7 showing that Jesus was identifying himself with the promised Messiah and the King of Israel:
But he said to them, I must preach the good news of God's Kingdom to the other cities also. For this reason I have been sent.
I must work the works of him who sent me while it is day. The night is coming, when no one can work.
For the Son of Man came to seek and to save that which was lost.
3. Jesus takes God's name
Jesus declares his mission in seven ways and uses the name of God, "I AM" (or "I AM WHO I AM" or, "I AM HE WHO IS"), to show his Deity. Finally he takes the name Alpha and Omega, who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty:
Each of these statements represents a description of how Jesus is God and the answer to all our human needs:
- I am the Bread of Life - nourishment for spiritual, eternal life
- I am the Light of the World - truth come into the world
- I am the Gate - door to eternal life
- I am the Good Shepherd - able to care for his sheep and willing to lay down his life
- I am the Resurrection and the Life - able to abolish death
- I am the Way, the Truth and the Life - the only way to God, the absolute truth, the source of life
- I am the Vine - his believers are 'in him'
- I am the First and the Last
Jesus said to them, I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will not be hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty.
While I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
Jesus therefore said to them again, Most certainly, I tell you, I am the sheep's door. I am the door. If anyone enters in by me, he will be saved, and will go in and go out, and will find pasture.
I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will still live, even if he dies. Whoever lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?
Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father, except through me.
I am the true vine, and my Father is the farmer.
Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, including those who pierced him. All the tribes of the earth
will mourn over him. Even so, Amen. "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is and who was and who is to come, the
I am the first and the last, and the Living one. I was dead, and behold, I am alive forever and ever. Amen. I have the
keys of Death and of Hades.
4. His Humanity
Though he is God and specifically the Son of God, Jesus identifies himself with humanity, as Man and the Son of Man. In doing this, Jesus accepts the common experiences and limitations of man:
- Limited knowledge
- No home or possessions
- No worship
- Betrayal by a friend
But of that day or that hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.
Jesus said to him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the sky have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head.
Get behind me, Satan! For it is written, 'You shall worship the Lord your God, and you shall serve him only.
No one knows the Son, except the Father; neither does anyone know the Father, except the Son, and he to whom the Son desires to reveal him.
Then he said to them, My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here, and watch with me.
For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
Then he came to his disciples, and said to them, Sleep on now, and take your rest. Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Arise, let's be going. Behold, he who betrays me is at hand.
5. His Deity
Jesus, identifies himself as God and explains his relationship to God (his Father). The titles Father and Son are not to be thought as indicating the Son is the offspring of the Father, but rather that both are of the same likeness:
- Jesus is one with the Father
- Seeing Jesus is the same as seeing the Father
- Jesus is the Son of his Father (his exact likeness) sent into the world
I and the Father are one.
He who has seen me has seen the Father.
For God didn't send his Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world should be saved through him.
6. Jesus explains his Mission:
- is the same mission as the Father
- is to raise the dead
- is to call sinners to repentance
- is to give his life as a ransom for many
- is to seek out and save that which was lost
- is to be lifted up in death for the healing of sins
- is to abolish fear and dread
But Jesus answered them, My Father is still working, so I am working, too.
For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life to whom he desires.
I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
For the Son of Man also came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.
For the Son of Man came to seek and to save that which was lost.
No one has ascended into heaven but he who descended out of heaven, the Son of Man, who is in heaven. As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes in me may not remain in the darkness.
But he said to them It is I. (or, I am He) Don't be afraid.