The Church and Christ's Teaching

An introduction to the nature of the Church of Christ and His teaching to the Church.

The Church of Christ, of which he spoke, was brought into existance when the Spirit came at Pentecost. Our aim for this page is to briefly describe the foundation, nature and responsibilities of the church from a selection of verses. Also in Revelation chapters 2 and 3, Jesus writes seven letters to churches giving various commendations, criticisms, promises and warnings. These letters though they are addressed to specific churches have universal and timeless applicability. The contents of these letters are summarised.

The Church and Christ's Teaching

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1. Foundation and Structure

The Church is built upon the Rock of Peter's confession:
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Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." Jesus answered him, "Blessed are you, Simon Bar Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. I also tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my assembly, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.
Matthew 16:16-18

The foundation is Jesus Christ
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For no one can lay any other foundation than that which has been laid, which is Jesus Christ.
1 Corinthians 3:11

Built on the Apostles teaching with Jesus as the cornerstone
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So then you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but you are fellow citizens with the saints and of the household of God, being built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief cornerstone; in whom the whole building, fitted together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord; in whom you also are built together for a habitation of God in the Spirit.
Ephesians 2:19-22

The Cornerstone and the Living Stones
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You also, as living stones, are built up as a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. Because it is contained in Scripture, "Behold, I lay in Zion a chief cornerstone, chosen and precious: He who believes in him will not be disappointed." For you who believe therefore is the honour, but for those who are disobedient, "The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone,"
1 Peter 2:5-7

The One Body in Christ
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For as the body is one, and has many members, and all the members of the body, being many, are one body; so also is Christ. For in one Spirit we were all baptised into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether bond or free; and were all given to drink into one Spirit. For the body is not one member, but many.
1 Corinthians 12:12-14

One Body, one Spirit, one God, one faith
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There is one body and one Spirit, even as you also were called in one hope of your calling, one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all, and in us all.
Ephesians 4:4-6


2. Purpose

Worship
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Therefore God also highly exalted him, and gave to him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, those on earth, and those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Philippians 2:9-11

Reverance and Awe
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Therefore, receiving a Kingdom that can't be shaken, let's have grace, through which we serve God acceptably, with reverence and awe, for our God is a consuming fire.
Hebrews 12:28-29

Holiness
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Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service.
Romans 12:1

Love and Encouragement
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Let's consider how to provoke one another to love and good works, not forsaking our own assembling together, as the custom of some is, but exhorting one another, and so much the more as you see the Day approaching.
Hebrews 10:24-25

Doing Good to all
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So then, as we have opportunity, let's do what is good towards all men, and especially towards those who are of the household of the faith.
Galatians 6:10

Preach the Gospel
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He said to them, "Go into all the world, and preach the Good News to the whole creation. He who believes and is baptised will be saved; but he who disbelieves will be condemned.
Mark 16:15-16

Care and Purity
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Pure religion and undefiled before our God and Father is this: to visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained by the world.
James 1:27

Growth and Maturity
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That we may no longer be children, tossed back and forth and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the trickery of men, in craftiness, after the wiles of error; but speaking truth in love, we may grow up in all things into him who is the head, Christ, from whom all the body, being fitted and knit together through that which every joint supplies, according to the working in measure of each individual part, makes the body increase to the building up of itself in love.
Ephesians 4:14-16


3. Beginnings

The Work of the Spirit
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Now when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all with one accord in one place. Suddenly there came from the sky a sound like the rushing of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. Tongues like fire appeared and were distributed to them, and one sat on each of them. They were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other languages, as the Spirit gave them the ability to speak.
Acts 2:1-4

Revealed by the Spirit for Jews and Gentiles
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For this cause I, Paul, am the prisoner of Christ Jesus on behalf of you Gentiles, if it is so that you have heard of the administration of that grace of God which was given me towards you, how that by revelation the mystery was made known to me, as I wrote before in few words, by which, when you read, you can perceive my understanding in the mystery of Christ, which in other generations was not made known to the children of men, as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit, that the Gentiles are fellow heirs and fellow members of the body, and fellow partakers of his promise in Christ Jesus through the Good News, of which I was made a servant according to the gift of that grace of God which was given me according to the working of his power.
Ephesians 3:1-7


4. Conduct

Forgiveness
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Then Peter came and said to him, "Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Until seven times?" Jesus said to him, "I don't tell you until seven times, but, until seventy times seven.
Matthew 18:21-22

No murmuring
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"If your brother sins against you, go, show him his fault between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained back your brother. But if he doesn't listen, take one or two more with you, that at the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the assembly. If he refuses to hear the assembly also, let him be to you as a Gentile or a tax collector.
Matthew 18:15-17

Unity and love
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Not for these only do I pray, but for those also who will believe in me through their word, that they may all be one; even as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be one in us; that the world may believe that you sent me. The glory which you have given me, I have given to them; that they may be one, even as we are one; I in them, and you in me, that they may be perfected into one; that the world may know that you sent me and loved them, even as you loved me.
John 17:20-23


5. Observances

Baptism
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Go and make disciples of all nations, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.
Matthew 28:19-20

The Lord's Supper
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When he had given thanks, he broke it and said, "Take, eat. This is my body, which is broken for you. Do this in memory of me." In the same way he also took the cup, after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink, in memory of me." For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes. Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks the Lord's cup in a way unworthy of the Lord will be guilty of the body and the blood of the Lord.
1 Corinthians 11:24-27


6. Responsibility

Listen to the Spirit
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He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.
Revelation 2:7a


7. Christ's Teaching - Ephesus

To Ephesus
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"To the angel of the assembly in Ephesus write: "He who holds the seven stars in his right hand, he who walks amongst the seven golden lamp stands says these things: "I know your works, and your toil and perseverance, and that you can't tolerate evil men, and have tested those who call themselves apostles, and they are not, and found them false. You have perseverance and have endured for my name's sake, and have not grown weary. But I have this against you, that you left your first love. Remember therefore from where you have fallen, and repent and do the first works; or else I am coming to you swiftly, and will move your lamp stand out of its place, unless you repent. But this you have, that you hate the works of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies. To him who overcomes I will give to eat from the tree of life, which is in the Paradise of my God.
Revelation 2:1-7

Comment

Here in Ephesus we seem to have a church which is engaged in many good works and is adhering to the Christian faith and doctrine and correctly testing and rejecting any false teachings. The commendation is considerable; persistence in working, refusing to have any fellowship with evil including the false teachings of the Nicolaitans (see also Pergamum). However their failing, perhaps unnoticed by most, is evident to the Lord and it is that they have left their first love. This suggests that their problem was in the area of their relationship with the Lord. No longer was Jesus the central object of their love, devotion, loyalty and thankfulness. Perhaps this was affecting their worship and their obedience and perhaps they had lost sight of the joy of the gospel. It is the picture of a church toiling but not rejoicing. Jesus wants their love back and no amount of toil can replace this so they are commanded to repent and return to the love which they had at the start. Unless this happens the Lord warns that the church will fade to nothing: "the lamp stand will be gone".

Assessment analysed

To and From:
"To the angel of the assembly in Ephesus write: "He who holds the seven stars in his right hand, he who walks amongst the seven golden lamp stands says these things:
Commendation and Encouragement:
"I know your works, and your toil and perseverance, and that you can't tolerate evil men, and have tested those who call themselves apostles, and they are not, and found them false. You have perseverance and have endured for my name's sake, and have not grown weary. But this you have, that you hate the works of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.
Criticised for:
But I have this against you, that you left your first love.
Correction needed:
Remember therefore from where you have fallen, and repent and do the first works;
Principle of Church life:
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.
Result if no corrective action taken:
or else I am coming to you swiftly, and will move your lamp stand out of its place, unless you repent.
Promise:
To him who overcomes I will give to eat from the tree of life, which is in the Paradise of my God.

8. Christ's Teaching - Smyrna

To Smyrna
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"To the angel of the assembly in Smyrna write: "The first and the last, who was dead, and has come to life says these things: "I know your works, oppression, and your poverty (but you are rich), and the blasphemy of those who say they are Jews, and they are not, but are a synagogue of Satan. Don't be afraid of the things which you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested; and you will have oppression for ten days. Be faithful to death, and I will give you the crown of life. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies. He who overcomes won't be harmed by the second death.
Revelation 2:8-11

Comment

Here in Smyrna we seem to have a church in the midst of significant oppression and persecution. Our Lord's approval of the church is apparent in that he has no complaint against them. So severe is the opposition against this church that the conditions in which they find themselves are described as a "synagogue of Satan". Firstly, we see that the Lord knows about the suffering of this church. He not only sees it but of course has also experienced it himself. Secondly, we see that the Lord offers no solution, no action plan, to their problems other than himself and his opinion: I am the first and the last and I consider you rich. Here is a faithful church and a lesson for all who suffer for the name and sake of Jesus.

Assessment analysed

To and From:
"To the angel of the assembly in Smyrna write: "The first and the last, who was dead, and has come to life says these things:
Commendation and Encouragement:
"I know your works, oppression, and your poverty (but you are rich), and the blasphemy of those who say they are Jews, and they are not, but are a synagogue of Satan. Don't be afraid of the things which you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested; and you will have oppression for ten days.
Criticised for:
---
Correction needed:
---
Principle of Church life:
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.
Result if no corrective action taken:
---
Promise:
Be faithful to death, and I will give you the crown of life.

9. Christ's Teaching - Pergamum

To Pergamum
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"To the angel of the assembly in Pergamum write: "He who has the sharp two-edged sword says these things: "I know your works and where you dwell, where Satan's throne is. You hold firmly to my name, and didn't deny my faith in the days of Antipas my witness, my faithful one, who was killed amongst you, where Satan dwells. But I have a few things against you, because you have there some who hold the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to throw a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to commit sexual immorality. So you also have some who hold to the teaching of the Nicolaitans likewise. Repent therefore, or else I am coming to you quickly, and I will make war against them with the sword of my mouth. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies. To him who overcomes, to him I will give of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, and on the stone a new name written, which no one knows but he who receives it.
Revelation 2:12-17

Comment

Here in Pergamum we seem to have a church in the midst of some difficulty, generally holding firm to the faith but having weakness which is described as the teaching of Balaam and the Nicolaitans. In Smyrna the conditions were described as a "synagogue of Satan"; here it is a "throne of Satan", suggesting opposition is from different direction: perhaps not from 'religious' quarters but from 'worldly' quarters. In some area the church lacked discipline and was tolerating false views. It would appear that the church was holding to some false doctrine in order to excuse or justify some conduct that was wrong. In summary then it appears that this church did not deny any aspect of the Christian faith, but some were adding or over emphasising something that gave some licence to hold onto certain sins and the church was not dealing with this error. The correction is repentance and the Word of God, evident from the picture of the sword and the manna; the word of truth and the bread of life.

Assessment analysed

To and From:
"To the angel of the assembly in Pergamum write: "He who has the sharp two-edged sword says these things:
Commendation and Encouragement:
"I know your works and where you dwell, where Satan's throne is. You hold firmly to my name, and didn't deny my faith in the days of Antipas my witness, my faithful one, who was killed amongst you, where Satan dwells.
Criticised for:
But I have a few things against you, because you have there some who hold the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to throw a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to commit sexual immorality. So you also have some who hold to the teaching of the Nicolaitans likewise.
Correction needed:
Repent therefore
Principle of Church life:
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.
Result if no corrective action taken:
or else I am coming to you quickly, and I will make war against them with the sword of my mouth.
Promise:
To him who overcomes, to him I will give of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, and on the stone a new name written, which no one knows but he who receives it.

10. Christ's Teaching - Thyatira

To Thyatira
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"To the angel of the assembly in Thyatira write: "The Son of God, who has his eyes like a flame of fire, and his feet are like burnished brass, says these things: "I know your works, your love, faith, service, patient endurance, and that your last works are more than the first. But I have this against you, that you tolerate your woman, Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess. She teaches and seduces my servants to commit sexual immorality, and to eat things sacrificed to idols. I gave her time to repent, but she refuses to repent of her sexual immorality. Behold, I will throw her into a bed, and those who commit adultery with her into great oppression, unless they repent of her works. I will kill her children with Death, and all the assemblies will know that I am he who searches the minds and hearts. I will give to each one of you according to your deeds. But to you I say, to the rest who are in Thyatira, as many as don't have this teaching, who don't know what some call 'the deep things of Satan,' to you I say, I am not putting any other burden on you. Nevertheless, hold that which you have firmly until I come. He who overcomes, and he who keeps my works to the end, to him I will give authority over the nations. He will rule them with a rod of iron, shattering them like clay pots; as I also have received of my Father: and I will give him the morning star. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.
Revelation 2:18-29

Comment

Here in Thyatira we have a church which is increasing in many good works; love, faith, service, patient endurance. But there is a complaint and it is described in terms of the toleration of Jezebel teaching evil practices. In claiming to be a prophetess, this Jezebel was claiming an inspiration and a new revelation not taught by the apostles. Whatever was the particular nature of the teaching its result appears to be the toleration of worldliness and practices which were in conflict with the teaching of Jesus and the apostles; it was causing the church to commit spiritual adultery and look away from Christ. The doom of Jezebel and her followers is clear: unless they repent, the Lord will kill them. Those resisting the teaching of Jezebel are instructed to hold firm. To those that overcome is given the promise of vindication and a share in the authority of Jesus and his light.

Assessment analysed

To and From:
"To the angel of the assembly in Thyatira write: "The Son of God, who has his eyes like a flame of fire, and his feet are like burnished brass, says these things:
Commendation and Encouragement:
"I know your works, your love, faith, service, patient endurance, and that your last works are more than the first.
Criticised for:
But I have this against you, that you tolerate your woman, Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess. She teaches and seduces my servants to commit sexual immorality, and to eat things sacrificed to idols. I gave her time to repent, but she refuses to repent of her sexual immorality.
Correction needed:
But others of you in Thyatira have not followed her teaching. You have not learned the things they call "Satan's deep secrets." This is what I say to you: I will not put any other burden on you. Only hold on to the truth you have until I come.
Principle of Church life:
Everyone who hears this should listen to what the Spirit says to the churches.
Result if no corrective action taken:
Behold, I will throw her into a bed, and those who commit adultery with her into great oppression, unless they repent of her works. I will kill her children with Death, and all the assemblies will know that I am he who searches the minds and hearts. I will give to each one of you according to your deeds. But to you I say, to the rest who are in Thyatira, as many as don't have this teaching, who don't know what some call 'the deep things of Satan,' to you I say, I am not putting any other burden on you.
Promise:
He who overcomes, and he who keeps my works to the end, to him I will give authority over the nations. He will rule them with a rod of iron, shattering them like clay pots; as I also have received of my Father: and I will give him the morning star.

11. Christ's Teaching - Sardis

To Sardis
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"And to the angel of the assembly in Sardis write: "He who has the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars says these things: "I know your works, that you have a reputation of being alive, but you are dead. Wake up, and keep the things that remain, which you were about to throw away, for I have found no works of yours perfected before my God. Remember therefore how you have received and heard. Keep it and repent. If therefore you won't watch, I will come as a thief, and you won't know what hour I will come upon you. Nevertheless you have a few names in Sardis that didn't defile their garments. They will walk with me in white, for they are worthy. He who overcomes will be arrayed in white garments, and I will in no way blot his name out of the book of life, and I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.
Revelation 3:1-6

Comment

Here in Sardis we have a church which appears to have declined from a faithful and promising start to a condition where it might be described even as mostly "dead". They did receive the word, they started good works, they even had a reputation, but these things were not being completed and fulfilled. What was started must be refreshed and revitalised with spiritual life otherwise everything will be lost. The promise to those that overcome is the righteousness which comes from Jesus himself.

Assessment analysed

To and From:
"And to the angel of the assembly in Sardis write: "He who has the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars says these things:
Commendation and Encouragement:
Nevertheless you have a few names in Sardis that didn't defile their garments. They will walk with me in white, for they are worthy.
Commendation and Encouragement:
Wake up, and keep the things that remain, which you were about to throw away, for I have found no works of yours perfected before my God.
Correction needed:
Keep it and repent. If therefore you won't watch, I will come as a thief, and you won't know what hour I will come upon you.
Principle of Church life:
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.
Result if no corrective action taken:
I will come to you and surprise you like a thief. You will not know when I will come. But you have a few people in your group there in Sardis who have kept themselves clean. They will walk with me. They will wear white clothes, because they are worthy.
Promise:
He who overcomes will be arrayed in white garments, and I will in no way blot his name out of the book of life, and I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.

12. Christ's Teaching - Philadelphia

To Philadelphia
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"To the angel of the assembly in Philadelphia write: "He who is holy, he who is true, he who has the key of David, he who opens and no one can shut, and who shuts and no one opens, says these things: "I know your works (behold, I have set before you an open door, which no one can shut), that you have a little power, and kept my word, and didn't deny my name. Behold, I give some of the synagogue of Satan, of those who say they are Jews, and they are not, but lie-behold, I will make them to come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you. Because you kept my command to endure, I also will keep you from the hour of testing which is to come on the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth. I am coming quickly! Hold firmly that which you have, so that no one takes your crown. He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and he will go out from there no more. I will write on him the name of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from my God, and my own new name. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies."
Revelation 3:7-13

Comment

Here in Philadelphia we again seem to have a church working in the midst of opposition. It appears that the Lord opened a door of opportunity to them and despite their own weakness they have used this, keeping the faith and testifying to Jesus. Even those of the "synagogue of Satan" are compelled to recognise the church; its patience, its faith and its love. Like Smyrna, there is no criticism from the Lord and no need for correction mentioned. The church is encouraged to continue holding firmly keeping in mind that Jesus will soon return. The summary: they had a little power; they had his word; they had his name; they had his promise of return; they are to hold fast. The Lord's promise to the overcomer (he who endures in the faith) concerns the state beyond Jesus return. They will become a solid, integral structure in heavenly worship, dedicated to the name of the Almighty God.

Assessment analysed

To and From:
"To the angel of the assembly in Philadelphia write: "He who is holy, he who is true, he who has the key of David, he who opens and no one can shut, and who shuts and no one opens, says these things:
Commendation and Encouragement:
"I know your works (behold, I have set before you an open door, which no one can shut), that you have a little power, and kept my word, and didn't deny my name. Behold, I give some of the synagogue of Satan, of those who say they are Jews, and they are not, but lie-behold, I will make them to come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you. Because you kept my command to endure, I also will keep you from the hour of testing which is to come on the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth. I am coming quickly! Hold firmly that which you have, so that no one takes your crown.
Criticised for:
---
Correction needed:
---
Principle of Church life:
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.
Result if no corrective action taken:
---
Promise:
He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and he will go out from there no more. I will write on him the name of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from my God, and my own new name.

13. Christ's Teaching - Laodicea

To Laodicea
--------
"To the angel of the assembly in Laodicea write: "The Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of God's creation, says these things: "I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were cold or hot. So, because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will vomit you out of my mouth. Because you say, 'I am rich, and have gotten riches, and have need of nothing;' and don't know that you are the wretched one, miserable, poor, blind, and naked; I counsel you to buy from me gold refined by fire, that you may become rich; and white garments, that you may clothe yourself, and that the shame of your nakedness may not be revealed; and eye salve to anoint your eyes, that you may see. As many as I love, I reprove and chasten. Be zealous therefore, and repent. Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, then I will come in to him, and will dine with him, and he with me. He who overcomes, I will give to him to sit down with me on my throne, as I also overcame, and sat down with my Father on his throne. He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies."
Revelation 3:14-22

Comment

Here in Laodicea we have the only church of the seven for which there is no commendation mentioned. The nature of the two opinions of this church is startling: they describe themselves as rich and having need of nothing but the Lord describes in most pitiful terms; wretched, miserable, poor, blind and naked. In the standards of earthly wealth this church has plenty, but in the standards of heavenly wealth this church is bankrupt. It seems that this was a church for appearances and of no spiritual substance. The Lord is angry that they are satisfied with this state and have no desire for change. His counsel is to zealously repent and buy everlasting riches from him, otherwise he will remove them, literally, "vomit them out". The promise is that the Lord is eagerly waiting to bless genuine repentance.

Assessment analysed

To and From:
"To the angel of the assembly in Laodicea write: "The Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of God's creation, says these things:
Commendation and Encouragement:
---
Criticised for:
"I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were cold or hot. So, because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will vomit you out of my mouth. Because you say, 'I am rich, and have gotten riches, and have need of nothing;' and don't know that you are the wretched one, miserable, poor, blind, and naked;
Correction needed:
I counsel you to buy from me gold refined by fire, that you may become rich; and white garments, that you may clothe yourself, and that the shame of your nakedness may not be revealed; and eye salve to anoint your eyes, that you may see.
Principle of Church life:
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.
Result if no corrective action taken:
As many as I love, I reprove and chasten. Be zealous therefore, and repent.
Promise:
Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, then I will come in to him, and will dine with him, and he with me. He who overcomes, I will give to him to sit down with me on my throne, as I also overcame, and sat down with my Father on his throne.

14. Christ's Teaching to the Church - Summarised

Comment

Jesus sent seven messages to seven of the churches and these are recorded in Revelation Chapters 2 and 3. Although they were sent to specific churches at particular times their applicability is universal and timeless. Each of the messages follow a similar format.

Assessment analysed

He who says these things:
  • he: holds the seven stars in his right hand
  • he: walks amongst the seven golden lamp stands
  • he: the first and the last, who was dead, and has come to life
  • he: has the sharp two-edged sword
  • he: the Son of God, who has his eyes like a flame of fire, and his feet are like burnished brass
  • he: has the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars
  • he: who is holy, he who is true, he who has the key of David
  • he: who opens and no one can shut, and who shuts and no one opens
  • he: the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of God's creation
Commendation and Encouragement:
  • do: keep working, never give up, endure faithfully
  • do: continue in love, faith and service
  • do: expect troubles, insults and persecution for Jesus name
  • do: speak up about Jesus
  • do: remain faithful even when the enemy attacks
  • do: follow Jesus' teachings
  • do: test those that claim to follow Jesus but teach other things
Criticised for:
  • don't: lose your first love - for Jesus
  • don't: allow false teaching or practices especially on sexual immorality and idolatry
  • don't: do anything that might cause others to sin
  • don't: forget what you have received - mercy, new life and blessings in Christ
  • don't: fool yourselves into thinking you are living for Christ when you are really luke warm
  • don't: think you are OK because you are wealthy and comfortable
Correction needed:
  • take action: repent
  • take action: change you hearts and lives
  • take action: listen to the Holy Spirit
  • take action: buy gold from Jesus - value Him and His words
  • take action: open the door of your heart, let Jesus in
Principle of Church life:
  • do: listen to what the Spirit says
Result if no corrective action taken:
  • if we don't: our witness may be taken away from us
  • if we don't: Jesus will have to correct us himself or punish us if we are in serious error
Promise:
  • followers reward: right to eat of the fruit of the tree of life in paradise
  • followers reward: reward of life
  • followers reward: hidden manna (bread of life)
  • followers reward: a new and personal name, engraved on a perfect stone
  • followers reward: a share in Jesus power and rule
  • followers reward: white clothes
  • followers reward: names in the book of life
  • followers reward: Jesus will tell his Father that you belong to him
  • followers reward: citizenship in the new Jerusalem
  • followers reward: have the name of Jesus written on them
  • followers reward: escape from the time of trouble for the world (tribulation)