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1 Samuel Chapter 1

1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaim Zophim, of the hill country of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.

2 He had two wives. The name of one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.

3 This man went up out of his city from year to year to worship and to sacrifice to the LORD of Armies in Shiloh. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, priests to the LORD, were there.

4 When the day came that Elkanah sacrificed, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions;

5 but to Hannah he gave a double portion, for he loved Hannah, but the LORD had shut up her womb.

6 Her rival provoked her severely, to irritate her, because the LORD had shut up her womb.

7 So year by year, when she went up to the LORD's house, her rival provoked her. Therefore she wept, and didn't eat.

8 Elkanah her husband said to her, "Hannah, why do you weep? Why don't you eat? Why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons?"

9 So Hannah rose up after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his seat by the doorpost of the LORD's temple.

10 She was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the LORD, weeping bitterly.

11 She vowed a vow, and said, "The LORD of Armies, if you will indeed look at the affliction of your servant and remember me, and not forget your servant, but will give to your servant a boy, then I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life, and no razor shall come on his head."

12 As she continued praying before the LORD, Eli saw her mouth.

13 Now Hannah spoke in her heart. Only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk.

14 Eli said to her, "How long will you be drunk? Get rid of your wine!"

15 Hannah answered, "No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit. I have not been drinking wine or strong drink, but I poured out my soul before the LORD.

16 Don't consider your servant a wicked woman; for I have been speaking out of the abundance of my complaint and my provocation."

17 Then Eli answered, "Go in peace; and may the God of Israel grant your petition that you have asked of him."

18 She said, "Let your servant find favour in your sight." So the woman went her way and ate; and her facial expression wasn't sad any more.

19 They rose up in the morning early and worshipped the LORD, then returned and came to their house to Ramah. Then Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.

20 When the time had come, Hannah conceived, and bore a son; and she named him Samuel, saying, "Because I have asked him of the LORD."

21 The man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer to the LORD the yearly sacrifice and his vow.

22 But Hannah didn't go up, for she said to her husband, "Not until the child is weaned; then I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, and stay there forever."

23 Elkanah her husband said to her, "Do what seems good to you. Wait until you have weaned him; only may the LORD establish his word." So the woman waited and nursed her son until she weaned him.

24 When she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bulls, and one ephah of meal, and a container of wine, and brought him to the LORD's house in Shiloh. The child was young.

25 They killed the bull, and brought the child to Eli.

26 She said, "Oh, my lord, as your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood by you here, praying to the LORD.

27 I prayed for this child, and the LORD has given me my petition which I asked of him.

28 Therefore I have also given him to the LORD. As long as he lives he is given to the LORD." He worshipped the LORD there.


Verse 3 (LORD)
When rendered in ALL CAPITAL LETTERS, "LORD" or "GOD" is the translation of God's Proper Name.
Verse 17 (God)
The Hebrew word rendered "God" is Elohim.
Verse 20 (Samuel)
Samuel sounds like the Hebrew for "heard by God."
Verse 24 (Ephah)
1 ephah is about 22 litres or about 2/3 of a bushel

Version: World English Bible

1 Samuel Chapter 1 Guide

The first Book of Samuel covers a period of transition in the history of the nation, dealing with the process from the judges to the kings. The condition of the people under the Judges, as we have seen, was one of degeneracy.

It was during this period that they practically rejected God as their one King. The clamour for an earthly king which followed was the natural outcome of this practical rejection. The first movement of the Book deals with the story of Samuel, the last, and in some senses, the best of the judges.

It opens with a simple story, full of ordinary human emotion. Polygamy was still practised. Elkanah was the husband of two wives, Peninnah, and Hannah. Hannah, persecuted by Peninnah, prayed earnestly that she might no longer be childless, making a vow that if a boy were granted to her he would be consecrated to the Lord. The promised consecration was twofold. It was to be life-long. As a Levite, and the son of a Levite, he would be called on to render a certain period of service, but before his birth his mother dedicated him for life. Her vow, moreover, covered not only the length of this service, but its character, as she promised that he would be a Nazarite. Her prayer was answered, and she fulfilled her vow by presenting the boy to Jehovah.

From "An Exposition of the Whole Bible" by G. Campbell Morgan.