2 Samuel Chapter 1
1 After the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had stayed two days in Ziklag;
2 on the third day, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul, with his clothes torn, and earth on his head. When he came to David, he fell to the earth, and showed respect.
3 David said to him, "Where do you come from?" He said to him, "I have escaped out of the camp of Israel."
4 David said to him, "How did it go? Please tell me." He answered, "The people have fled from the battle, and many of the people also have fallen and are dead. Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also."
5 David said to the young man who told him, "How do you know that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead?"
6 The young man who told him said, "As I happened by chance on Mount Gilboa, behold, Saul was leaning on his spear; and behold, the chariots and the horsemen followed close behind him.
7 When he looked behind him, he saw me, and called to me. I answered, 'Here I am.'
8 He said to me, 'Who are you?' I answered him, 'I am an Amalekite.'
9 He said to me, 'Please stand beside me, and kill me; for anguish has taken hold of me, because my life lingers in me.'
10 So I stood beside him and killed him, because I was sure that he could not live after he had fallen. I took the crown that was on his head and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them here to my lord."
11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and tore them; and all the men who were with him did likewise.
12 They mourned, wept, and fasted until evening, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they had fallen by the sword.
13 David said to the young man who told him, "Where are you from?" He answered, "I am the son of a foreigner, an Amalekite."
14 David said to him, "Why were you not afraid to stretch out your hand to destroy the LORD's anointed?"
15 David called one of the young men, and said, "Go near, and cut him down!" He struck him so that he died.
16 David said to him, "Your blood be on your head; for your mouth has testified against you, saying, 'I have slain the LORD's anointed.' "
17 David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son
18 (and he commanded them to teach the children of Judah the song of the bow; behold, it is written in the book of Jashar):
19 "Your glory, Israel, was slain on your high places! How the mighty have fallen!
20 Don't tell it in Gath. Don't publish it in the streets of Ashkelon, lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.
21 You mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew or rain on you, and no fields of offerings; for there the shield of the mighty was defiled and cast away, the shield of Saul was not anointed with oil.
22 From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, Jonathan's bow didn't turn back. Saul's sword didn't return empty.
23 Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives. In their death, they were not divided. They were swifter than eagles. They were stronger than lions.
24 You daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you delicately in scarlet, who put ornaments of gold on your clothing.
25 How the mighty have fallen in the middle of the battle! Jonathan was slain on your high places.
26 I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan. You have been very pleasant to me. Your love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.
27 How the mighty have fallen, and the weapons of war have perished!"
- Verse 2 (Behold)
- "Behold" means look at, take notice, observe, see, or gaze at. It is often used as an interjection.
- Verse 12 (LORD)
- When rendered in ALL CAPITAL LETTERS, "LORD" or "GOD" is the translation of God's Proper Name.
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2 Samuel Chapter 1 Guide
The second Book of Samuel deals largely with the story of David, and presents the picture of the theocratic monarchy. The first movement records the progress of David to the position which God had appointed for him. While the supreme element manifest throughout this section is that of the divine progress toward accomplishment of the purpose, it is impossible to study it without being impressed with the greatness of David. Neither is it necessary to think of all the actions by which he won the favour of Israel as being dictated merely by policy. Rather they reveal the true character of the man-upright, generous, and of great heart.
At times it would appear as though he acted contrary to his merely political interests, and yet, as events moved on, they prove that there is no policy so powerful as that of integrity and abiding in the will of God.
The story of the death of Saul as told by the Amalekite was evidently a fabrication. There is no doubt he found the dead body of the king and despoiled it in the hope of winning favour with David. For this he paid the severest penalty.
The lamentation of David is full of beauty. Over Saul and Jonathan it is stately and digni6ed, and merges into extreme tenderness when he sings of his friend Jonathan only.
From "An Exposition of the Whole Bible" by G. Campbell Morgan.
2 Samuel Chapter 1 Commentary
- Tidings brought to David of the death of Saul. -- (1-10)
- The Amalekite is put to death. -- (11-16)
- David's lamentation for Saul and Jonathan. -- (17-27)
The blow which opened David's way to the throne was given about the time he had been sorely distressed. Those who commit their concerns to the Lord, will quietly abide his will. It shows that he desired not Saul's death, and he was not impatient to come to the throne.
David was sincere in his mourning for Saul; and all with him humbled themselves under the hand of God, laid so heavily upon Israel by this defeat. The man who brought the tidings, David put to death, as a murderer of his prince. David herein did not do unjustly; the Amalekite confessed the crime. If he did as he said, he deserved to die for treason; and his lying to David, if indeed it were a lie, proved, as sooner or later that sin will prove, lying against himself. Hereby David showed himself zealous for public justice, without regard to his own private interest.
Kasheth, or "the bow," probably was the title of this mournful, funeral song. David does not commend Saul for what he was not; and says nothing of his piety or goodness. Jonathan was a dutiful son, Saul an affectionate father, therefore dear to each other. David had reason to say, that Jonathan's love to him was wonderful. Next to the love between Christ and his people, that affection which springs form it, produces the strongest friendship. The trouble of the Lord's people, and triumphs of his enemies, will always grieve true believers, whatever advantages they may obtain by them.
From the "Concise Commentary on the Bible" by Matthew Henry.